Countries: Botswana, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Guyana, Haiti, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda
Client(s): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID
Services: Assessment, Information System Development, Program Development, Strategic Planning, Technical Assistance, Training
Technical Expertise: Child and Newborn Health, Environmental Health, Health Care Waste Management, Health Service Delivery, Health Supply Chain Management, HIV
Of the 16 billion medical injections given annually worldwide according to World Health Organization estimates, too many are unnecessary and unsafe. In fact, medical injections are the most common health care procedure worldwide. When performed correctly, they can save lives - but if performed incorrectly, medical injections can transmit harmful infectious disease pathogens, including HIV. The risk of spreading HIV and other pathogens (such as hepatitis B and C) in this manner can be drastically reduced by lowering the number of unsafe and unnecessary injections.
In 2004, as part of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) focusing on countries with high HIV prevalence, JSI led the "Rapid Interventions to Decrease Unsafe Injections" in 11 countries. The project was commonly known as Making Medical Injections Safer (MMIS). The project worked with national counterparts to establish an environment where patients, health care workers, and the community are better protected from the medical transmission of HIV and other bloodborne pathogens. The project trained health care workers to administer only necessary injections safely, using appropriate safe injection devices, as well as to ensure that health care waste is efficiently managed using methods that are safe for the community and the environment.
JSI, and its subcontractors, Program for Appropriate Technology in Health (PATH), Academy for Educational Development (AED), and the Manoff Group, were awarded funds to implement MMIS through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the US Agency for International Development (USAID).