Predictors of early initiation of breastfeeding among Zimbabwean women: secondary analysis of ZDHS 2015
The World Health Organization recommends initiation of breastfeeding within the first hour of delivery. Early initiation is beneficial for both the mother and baby. Previous Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Surveys (ZDHS) have shown reduction in early initiation of breast feeding from 68% (2005/06) to 58% (2015). This study sought to investigate factors associated with early initiation of breast feeding among women aged 15–49 years in Zimbabwe.
Early initiation of breast feeding in Zimbabwe is mainly associated with residing in the rural areas and multiparity. The 78% rate of early initiation of breastfeeding was contrary to the 58% reported in the ZDHS findings. Interventions targeting an improvement in early initiation of breastfeeding must aim at women who deliver by cesarean section, women with babies of abnormal birth weight, primi-parous women and women residing in rural areas.
Fadzai Mukora-Mutseyekwa, Hilary Gunguwo, Rugare Gilson Mandigo, Paddington Mundagowa, 2019