JSI RESOURCES: Journal article

Does Neighborhood Status Affect Access to a Healthy Built Environment?


Without proactive urban planning, some neighborhoods are deprived of essential services, while other neighborhoods enjoy easier access to services and providers. The environmental data for this paper came from a Indore-wide multi-level survey conducted in 2018, which included a neighborhood environmental assessment tool adapted from pre-validated questionnaires. Wards were randomly selected using a probability proportional to size (PPS) method after stratification by presence of slums. Within each ward, three colonies were then selected by PPS. The environmental data were collected from the same 30 wards and 93% (84/90) of the same colonies as the individual data. The analysis highlighted some expected inequalities by neighborhood status, such as neighborhoods with no parks (62% slum vs 31% in non-slum). In neighborhoods where parks were present, there appeared to be issues with safety within the parks. Better understanding of the access and availability of green spaces, transportation, and food markets between neighborhoods will help local officials, developers, and citizens as they formulate more equitable ways to distribute resources to build healthier environments for all citizens.

Authors: Amina Goheer, Amanda Pomeroy-Stevens, Neeraj Mishra, Anand Krishnan, Ritvik Armarchand, Damodar Bachani

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