JSI RESOURCES: Journal article

Variation in Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Uptake and Acceptability Between Female and Male Adolescents and Their Caregivers

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HPV vaccination coverage is suboptimal. Previous research largely focused on vaccinating girls. This study aimed to identify factors associated with HPV vaccination among male and female adolescents. A secondary analyses was conducted using the National Immunization Survey-Teen. Parallel logistic models were specified to examine associations of adolescent, caregiver, and provider characteristics with vaccination status among boys and girls.

Vaccination rates were higher among teens receiving a provider recommendation. Moreover, provider recommendation was associated with caregivers’ intent to initiate vaccination. Provider recommendation for vaccination was the strongest predictor for both genders; however, it is insufficient to achieve high coverage rates, especially among boys. Factors associated with HPV vaccination were different for males and females. These findings suggest providers should consider gender bias with regard to HPV vaccination.

Authors: Kristin Johnson, Meng-Yun Lin, Howard Cabral, Lewis Kazis and Ingrid Katz

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