The Rotavirus Accelerated Vaccine Introduction Network (RAVIN) is a partnership led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health's International Vaccine Access Center (IVAC), in collaboration with JSI and the Center for Disease Control (CDC). The partnership is designed to provide technical support to countries considering introducing the rotavirus vaccine into their national immunization programs. As IVAC leads advocacy efforts to accelerate the decision-making process, JSI works closely with Ministries of Health and in-country partners in focus countries to support the successful introduction of the vaccine.<
Diarrhea is one of the world's leading killers of children, and rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhea. Each year, rotavirus kills about 200,000 children and hospitalizes hundreds of thousands more, despite the availability of safe, effective rotavirus vaccines that can protect children from disease and death. Over 90 million infants worldwide lack access to the vaccine – sixty million of which live in Gavi-focus countries that have not yet introduced the vaccine into their health systems.
In 2015, RAVIN was awarded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation for four years of support to the following focus countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Benin, Laos PDR, Cambodia, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Myanmar and Nepal. RAVIN complements existing efforts of the Ministry of Health and key partners in each focus country to facilitate the decision, planning and introduction processes for the rotavirus vaccine. RAVIN’s diverse team of experts provides country-specific support to meet focus countries where they are in their decision-making process. RAVIN’s process starts with stakeholder identification; proceeds to formal situational assessment to identify key barriers to rotavirus vaccine introduction, and culminates in provision and mobilization of support to address identified barriers. The project goal is to increase attention to rotavirus vaccines in global and regional discussions and to better leverage resources for sustainable country-based introduction.
RAVIN builds upon existing relationships such as those with Gavi, WHO, and Unicef, to leverage existing resources. Other established partners include the Rotavirus Organization of Technical Allies (ROTA) Council; PATH and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), for costing and cost-effectiveness support. RAVIN serves as a connector between key partners, linking systems and guiding the introduction and integration of rotavirus vaccines into routine immunization programs. RAVIN aims to enhance local capacity for the future to contribute to sustainable, equitable, and timely vaccine introduction and uptake for future generations.
JSI's technical assistance includes supporting the development of quality introduction grant applications to Gavi, contributing to comprehensive introduction planning and roll-out of the vaccine in-country, and providing post-launch supportive supervision and monitoring. In addition, the project will maximize opportunities at regional meetings and through its networks to support accelerated decision making and rotavirus introduction in other countries in the African and Asian regions.
As of 2019, one country has successfully introduced the vaccine into their routine immunization schedule, with RAVIN support, with three other focus countries on track to introduce by the end of the year.