Maternal Anthropometric Measurements Do Not Have Effect on Birth Weight of Term, Single, and Live Births in Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia
The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of maternal anthropometric measurements on birth weight. A cross-sectional study was conducted in maternity public hospitals in Addis Ababa city, Ethiopia. A total of 605 women and their newborns took part in this study and prevalence of low birth weight is 8.3%. Using regression analysis, it was found that maternal anthropometric measurements did not have an effect on birth weight. Antenatal care visits, gestational age, and female sex of newborn had statistically significant effect in determining the risk of low birth weight. Women who were living with large family members had a heavier newborn than counterparts. This might be due to the fact that pregnant women have better care and social support in Ethiopian context, so advising pregnant women to live with family members should be considered to enhance social support during pregnancy in Ethiopia. Maternal anthropometric measurements have no significant effect in determining birth weight in the city and we recommend similar studies where undernourished women are common.
Authors: Chalachew Bekele Shiferaw, Walelegn Worku Yallew, Gizachew Tadele Tiruneh