Ethiopia Essential Services for Health (ESHE) Project

Dates: 2005-2008

Country: Ethiopia

Client(s): USAID

Services: Assessment, Applied Technology, Program Development, Technical Assistance, Training

Technical Expertise: Newborn and Child Health , Health Systems Strengthening, Immunization, Maternal Health

In Ethiopia, most of the population have inadequate access to basic services, including health, education, clean water, and sanitation. JSI's Essential Services for Health in Ethiopia (ESHE) project was designed to improve health sector reform, integrated child survival interventions, and health sector reform. Funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the ESHE project worked in collaboration with health offices at all levels to reduce child deaths and strengthen the health system. The Project took a three pillar approach that addressed health provider skills, strengthened the health system, and engaged families and communities to improve family health.

ESHE worked in three regions and assisted health offices in improving the quality and utilization of high-impact child survival interventions in the form of the Extended Program of Immunization (EPI), Essential Nutrition Actions (ENA), and Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI). Key approaches included capacity building, community mobilization, and behavior change communication. Other selected activities included: development of the special pharmacies program, policy reform to allow retention of user fees at health facilities and revision of exemption/waiver practices, and creating a more enabling environment for increased private sector development. Abt Associates, AED, and Initiatives Inc., were sub-contractors to JSI in implementing the project, which ended in September 2008.


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