Office on Women's Health Project HOPE

Dates: 2012-2014

Geographic Scope: Nationwide

Client(s): Office on Women's Health

Service: Training & Technical Assistance

Technical Expertise: Health Disparities, HIV & Infectious Diseases, Family Planning & Reproductive Health


Globally, women are more likely to become infected with HIV than men. In the US, the rate of HIV among women and girls has been steadily increasing, with women of color the hardest hit. HIV is now the leading cause of death among black women ages 25 to 34. In 2005, 64% of women living with HIV were black, and 15% were Hispanic. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have developed a significant compendium of evidence-based HIV prevention interventions geared to women and girls. While CDC sees these interventions as the strongest to date that have demonstrated efficacy in reducing HIV, HIV-related risk behaviors and/or in promoting safer behaviors, many of these interventions are still somewhat limited in sex and gender specificity, lacking gender-based analysis and a gender mainstreaming approach.

In September 2010, JSI was awarded the Project HOPE: Project Helping Organizations Provide Effective HIV/AIDS Prevention for Women and Girls from the Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health (OWH). The goal of this three-year funded project was to help reduce HIV among women and girls through the integration of gender responsive approaches into HIV prevention. JSI and partner, the National Native American AIDS Prevention Center (NNAAPC), were responsible for providing capacity building assistance (CBA) to OWH grantees as well as the national diffusion of the OWH HIV Prevention Gender Toolkit that provided approaches and tools to integrate gender-based strategies into HIV prevention interventions.

This important capacity building assistance effort through Project HOPE was the first for OWH with the goal of assisting OWH funded grantees to critically examine their prevention programs and identify areas and/or staff within their program that could be improved in becoming more gender responsive.