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Strategies to maximize generalization from multiple case studies: Lessons from the Africa Routine Immunization System Essentials (ARISE) project.

Download this publicationFrom 2008 to 2011, the Africa Routine Immunization System Essentials (ARISE) project conducted a three country, mixed method case study to identify key drivers of routine immunization system success. One of the challenges often raised around case study approaches is the generalizability of the findings, given that data is often in the form of interview transcripts, focus group notes, and other materials that diverge from the more common numeric datasets.

Anne LaFond, Director for the JSI Center for Health Information, Monitoring, and Evaluation, and Sangeeta Mookherji, from George Washington University address these challenges in "Strategies to maximize generalization from multiple case studies: Lessons from the Africa Routine Immunization System Essentials (ARISE) project." LaFond and Mookherji describe the methodological considerations made as part of the ARISE study to account for the challenge of ensuring findings were generalizable beyond the three focus countries (Ghana, Cameroon, and Ethiopia) and make recommendations for analytical approaches to further strengthen the rigor of case studies. LaFond & Mookherji, 2013.

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